domingo, 15 de julio de 2018

WHAT IS THE BEST TREATMENT OPTION FOR LYMPHEDEMA - First-line Treatment - State of the art management - Choosing a Lymphedema Expert Reference/Excellence Centre - Primary Lymphedema - Secondary Lymphedema

Therapy of peripheral lymphedema is divided into conservative (non-operative) and operative methods. The best first-line non-surgical treatment for lymphoedema, considered the "Gold Standard" treatment, is known as "Complete Decongestive Therapy" (CDT). 



Complete Decongestive Therapy (CDT) is backed by longstanding experience and generally involves a two-stage treatment program that can be applied to both children and adults and consists of two phases: Phase I is aimed at reducing lymphedema volume and mobilizing the increased interstitial fluid to normalize tissue homeostasis, and the aim of Phase II is maintenance and optimization of the therapeutic success. Earlier treatment is reported for the best results. The frequency and intensity of the components of CDT in Phase I and Phase II should depend on the clinical edema findings and Stage of the lymphoedema and be adapted to clinical changes. The isolated application of single components in Phase I is not recommended, and thus should be used in its entirety.

Complete Decongestive Therapy" is undertaken by a therapist who has undergone training at specialist level and who combines the following components:

  • Skin Care
  • Manual Lymphatic Drainage (MLD)
  • Multilayer Bandages
  • Exercise
  • Compression Garments
  • Patient Education

After the initial treatment (Phase 1), which includes all the components and is applied daily and lasts several weeks, the next step is the maintenance treatment (Phase 2), which consists of compression by low-stretch garments, skin care, continued exercise, and MLD as needed. In this second phase, which is long-term, the patient is taught self-bandaging for maintenance, basic self-care of the skin, and exercise practice. Read more about the treatment components HERE.

The success of CDT therapy depends on it being administered by an experienced certified therapist. CDT is considered safe, however, patients should consult with their physician before beginning treatment. Indications, contraindications, and the application of individual therapeutic measures depend on several factors: the stage of lymphoedema at the start of treatment, comorbidities, the age of the patient, and the patient’s individual life circumstances. Failure of CDT should be confirmed only when intensive non-operative treatment in a clinic specializing in the management of peripheral lymphedema and directed by an experienced clinical lymphologist has been unsuccessful. Read more about the signs and symptoms of lymphoedema HERE.

In no way should this highly specialized treatment be replaced, due to the possible serious side effects, by edema reduction treatments carried out by non-specialists. Aggressive reduction of swelling can cause skin and vessel damage, Isolated compression therapy of the extremities, particularly in patients with lymphedema also affecting the quadrants of the trunk, may cause displacement of edema and increase swelling at the root of the extremity, and may even lead to genital lymphoedema. Read more about the new low-cost treatment options for lymphoedema HERE.

Patients should be especially careful when choosing a lymphedema Multidisciplinary Expert Centre of Reference/Excellence, as not all countries and centers offer or provide the same treatment options. The best choice is the Expert Reference Centre of Excellence which applies Complete Decongestive Therapy (CDT), which is recognized as the "Gold Standard" treatment for Lymphedema. Read more about which country has the best public healthcare coverage of lymphedema HERE.    


References:


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Welches ist die beste Behandlung für Lymphödeme / што з'яўляецца лепшым сродкам для лячэння лимфедемы / což je nejlepší léčba lymfodémy / som er den bedste behandling for lymfødem / joka on paras hoito Lymfedeema / quel est le meilleur traitement pour le lymphoedème / που είναι η καλύτερη θεραπεία για το λεμφοίδημα / שהוא הטיפול הטוב ביותר עבור lymphedema / जो लिम्पेडेमा के लिए सबसे अच्छा उपचार है / amely a lymphedema legjobb kezelése / yang merupakan pengobatan terbaik untuk lymphedema / sem er besta meðferðin fyrir eitilfrumnafæð / quale è il miglior trattamento per il linfedema / yaiku perawatan paling apik kanggo lymphedema / kuris yra geriausias gydymas limfedemai / wat ass déi beschten Behandlung fir Lymphödem / yang merupakan rawatan terbaik untuk lymphedema / wat de beste behandeling is voor lymfoedeem / som er den beste behandlingen for lymphedem / który jest najlepszym lekarstwem na obrzęk limfatyczny / qual é o melhor tratamento para o linfedema / care este cel mai bun tratament pentru limfedem / что является лучшим методом лечения лимфедемы / vilket är den bästa behandlingen för lymfödem / lenfödem için en iyi tedavi hangisidir / đó là cách điều trị tốt nhất cho bệnh bạch huyết / وهو أفضل علاج للوذمة اللمفية / ដែលជាការព្យាបាលដ៏ល្អបំផុតសម្រាប់ lymphedema / 這是淋巴水腫的最佳治療方法 / 임파 부종에 가장 좋은 치료법 / リンパ浮腫の最良の治療法である / ലിംപേദെമയ്ക്കുള്ള ഏറ്റവും മികച്ച ചികിത്സയാണ് ഇത് / जसले लिम्बुमामाको लागि उत्तम उपचार गर्दछ / ซึ่งเป็นวิธีที่ดีที่สุดในการรักษา lymphedema / đó là cách điều trị tốt nhất cho bệnh bạch huyết.
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